Energy Performance Certificates, Northern Ireland
The government introduced Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) in Northern Ireland on the 30th of June 2008. This legislation applies to all existing dwellings which are on the market for sale, irrespective of how long they have been on the market. The Legislation also apply to tenanted properties.
The Energy Performance Certificate gives landlords, tenants, homeowners and buyers information on the energy efficiency of their property. It gives the building a standard energy and carbon emission efficiency grade from 0 to 100, or from "A" to "G", with "A" being the most efficient. The average in Northern Ireland being about 50%, "E".
EPCs are measured using the same calculations for all homes, so you can compare the energy efficiency of different properties. Part of the EPC is a report which will list the potential rating that your home could achieve, if you made the recommended changes. The report lists:
- Suggested improvements (such as improving heating control systems)
- The approximate cost of carrying such works
- Possible cost savings per year if the improvements are made
- How this would change the energy and carbon emission rating of the property
Please note that landlords or homeowners are not required to complete any recommended works prior to letting or selling the property. Any recommendations provided are for information purposes only.
However as landlord can implement these recommendations to:
- Reduce your energy/fuel bills
- Improve energy performance in the house
- Help cut carbon emissions
Frequently Asked Question about Energy Performance Certificates
Who needs an EPC?
The EPC is required by law when a building is constructed or listed "for sale" or "for rent".
Do I need an EPC as a Vendor/Purchaser?
All vendors of homes need to ensure that they provide an EPC for potential purchasers.
Do I need an EPC as a Builder of a New Home?
Yes, An EPC needs to be provided to buyers of newly built properties.
As a Landlord do I need to provide an EPC to my tenants?
If you are a landlord, you'll need to make an EPC available to prospective tenants. An EPC is only required for a property which is self-contained. The EPC is valid for 10 years and can be used for multiple tenancies over that period. An EPC isn't required when a tenant rents a room and shares facilities.
As a Tenant should I receive an EPC and when?
If you are interested in renting a property then an EPC must be made available to you before you sign a contract. An EPC is only required for a property which is self-contained, and is valid for 10 years. If you are a prospective tenant, an EPC isn't required when you rent a room and share facilities.
What if I am not in one of the above categories and still want an EPC?
Even if you do not fall into the above categories, you can still apply for and receive an EPC. Please contact us for further information.
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